Horses are herbivorous and essentially exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it’s very much essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses in order to block both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are emphasized regarding feeding.
1. Do not offer non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all types as they can’t digest like ruminants.
2. Horses should be supplied dry matter at least 1.5percent of body weight.
6. For greater use and assimilation of nutrients, the entire daily ration could be divided into 4-6 individual meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, prevent whole feeding before and after exercise and altering ration composition slowly are most important symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it’s particular that fodder roughage is given before grains. But if chopped fodder is available then it may be combined with grains or focus.
9. No group feeding is advised so far as grain feeding is concerned.
10. To prevent mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mix is added with targets.
15. The need for drinking water is 36liters each day and might change according to seasons as in summer the requirement of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to offer water before feeding.
17. Generally speaking watering program, watering should be done three times per day in summer and twice a day at different seasons.
18. Early spring is regarded as best breeding period in india.
19. Puberty is attained at age 18 months.
20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs old when it attains 75 percent of body weight,
21. Eestrous cycle is 21 days and length of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The ought to be consumed two to three days after appearance of warmth symptoms.
23. The tail of the mare ought to be bandaged and stored away to one side in order to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, 1 stallion is adequate for 30-40 mares.
26. One most visible sight at the time of parturition is that the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or two weeks prior to delivery.